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Re: ZLE Widget: Insert last word (except &)

I wrote:
} If we don't accept the shell syntax definition of a "word", how can we
} choose a single definition of what constitutes a "word" that everyone
} will agree on?

The answer is, we don't, we use a style.  Which isn't (presently) ever done
with the builtin widgets, so you aren't going to see this as the default
behavior of insert-last-word any time soon.

---- 8< ---- cut ---- 8< ----
# smart-insert-last-word
# Inspired by Christoph Lange <langec@xxxxxx> from zsh-users/3265.
# This function as a ZLE widget can replace insert-last-word, like so:
#   zle -N insert-last-word smart-insert-last-word
# With a numeric prefix, simply calls .insert-last-word, which is also the
# fall-through case in the event that "smart" word selection fails.
# Otherwise, the rightmost "interesting" word from the previous command is
# found and inserted.  The default definition of "interesting" is that the
# word contains at least one alphabetic character, slash, or backslash.
# This definition can be overridden by use of a style like so:
#   zstyle :insert-last-word match '*[[:alpha:]/\\]*'
# For example, you might want to include words that contain spaces:
#   zstyle :insert-last-word match '*[[:alpha:][:space:]/\\]*'
# Or include numbers as long as the word is at least two characters long:
#   zstyle :insert-last-word match '*([[:digit:]]?|[[:alpha:]/\\])*'
# That causes redirections like "2>" to be included.
# Note also that the style is looked up based on the widget name, so you
# can bind this function to different widgets to use different patterns:
#   zle -N insert-last-assignment smart-insert-last-word
#   zstyle :insert-last-assignment match '[[:alpha:]][][[:alnum:]]#=*'
#   bindkey '\e=' insert-last-assignment
# (The above is a contrived example since it works only if the previous
# command line included an assignment, but you get the idea.)

if [[ -z "$NUMERIC" ]]
    emulate -L zsh
    setopt extendedglob
    local lastcmd pattern
    integer cursor=$CURSOR        # Remember cursor position
    zle up-history || return 1    # Retrieve previous command
    lastcmd=( ${(z)BUFFER} )      # Split into shell words
    zle down-history              # Return to current command
    CURSOR=$cursor                # Restore cursor position
    integer i=$#lastcmd
    zstyle -s :$WIDGET match pattern ||
    while ((i)); do
	if [[ $lastcmd[i] == $~pattern ]]; then
	    return 0
zle .insert-last-word
---- 8< ---- cut ---- 8< ----

Note that this presently doesn't work right when the previous command line
contains a [[ ... ]] expression that uses one of the (#x) forms of extended
pattern matching, e.g. (#i) to ignore case.  That's a bug in ${(z)...} (it
takes the # to be a comment introducer), so it should be fixed soon.  If
this really bothers you in the meantime, try adding

  local +h histchars=''

somewhere before the assignment to lastcmd -- but then it's broken for the
case of `setopt interactive_comments`, so choose your poison ...

Bart Schaefer                                 Brass Lantern Enterprises
http://www.well.com/user/barts              http://www.brasslantern.com

Zsh: http://www.zsh.org | PHPerl Project: http://phperl.sourceforge.net   

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