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Re: pcre_study

> Does `study' mean something completely different in PCRE than in Perl?

Yes, though I'd be happy if we could rename the builtin to something less
> In Perl, `study' means to examine the *string that is to be searched* to
> increase the speed of matching.  It has no effect at all on the pattern
> that was compiled.  Hence in Perl, a `study' at the point where zpgrep
> calls `pcre_study' would be completely useless as no input has been read
> yet.  (And calling `study' on every line would be a waste anyway.)

This is from Philip Hazel's PCRE library v3:

       When  a  pattern  is going to be used several times, it is
       worth spending more time analyzing it in order to speed up
       the  time  taken  for  matching. The function pcre_study()
       takes a pointer to a compiled pattern as its  first  argu­
       ment, and returns a pointer to a pcre_extra block (another
       void typedef) containing additional information about  the
       pattern;  this  can  be passed to pcre_exec(). If no addi­
       tional information is available, NULL is returned.

       The second argument contains option bits. At  present,  no
       options  are  defined  for pcre_study(), and this argument
       should always be zero.

       The third argument for pcre_study() is  a  pointer  to  an
       error  message.  If  studying succeeds (even if no data is
       returned), the variable it points to is set to NULL.  Oth­
       erwise it points to a textual error message.

       At  present,  studying  a  pattern is useful only for non-
       anchored patterns that do not have a single fixed starting
       character.  A  bitmap  of  possible starting characters is

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