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Re: bufferwords() lexes a subshell in a shortloop repeat as a string

Bart Schaefer wrote on Mon, Jan 18, 2016 at 20:56:04 -0800:
> [Returning to the original topic of this thread ...]
> On Sun, Jan 17, 2016 at 6:25 PM, Daniel Shahaf <d.s@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > What confuses me is that 'repeat 3 (x)' and 'repeat 3; do (x); done' are
> > split differently. ;-)
> >
> > Shouldn't both of them treat the "(x)" the same way [either both of
> > them considering it one unit, or both of them considering it three units]?
> As Peter said earlier, the (z) flag does nothing but break the string
> into syntactic shell words.  With the exception of "for" loops, which
> are a weird special case because of "for ((...))", It does NOT
> interpret shell keywords to parse any corresponding loop structures.
> It knows a little about assignments and redirections but otherwise
> reads lexical tokens in their most generic possible context; you can
> think of it as having "lex" without "yacc" to drive it.

Okay; so what I was seeing was that bufferwords() knew that a DOLOOP token
is followed by a command position, but not that a REPEAT token is
followed by a token that's followed by a command position.

I think REPEAT is the only place where that happens: other reserved
words are followed immediately by a command position with no intervening
words.  (Which is why get_comp_string() sets 'ins' to '2' only for
REPEAT tokens.)

Aside: bufferwords(), get_comp_string(), and z-sy-h's main loop have
something in common: they all drive the lexer and keep track of a little
bit of syntax.  E.g., with this patch all of them keep track of "if the
command word is 'repeat', the word-after-next is a command word".

> (z) also does not expand aliases, which means that even if it did
> interpret keywords you could trivially break it by aliasing something
> else to expand as "repeat" or vice-versa.  (In fact you can already
> break the magic "for" parsing the same way.)

Don't do that, then :-)



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