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Re: Alias named '='
On Mon, 09 Oct 2017 15:04:47 +0000
Daniel Shahaf <d.s@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Peter Stephenson wrote on Mon, 09 Oct 2017 15:49 +0100:
> > Should we say something like this, or is it simply adding more words for
> > people to say they can't be bothered to read it?
> I think this section should describe the common, and
> less-common-but-still-sane, use-cases before it discusses corner cases
> such as aliasing «((», «&&», and «x=y».
So we could do something like this? I moved down POSIX_ALIASES because
it's part of basic function but not as basic as what an alias actually
diff --git a/Doc/Zsh/grammar.yo b/Doc/Zsh/grammar.yo
index 463ac88..4f219c5 100644
@@ -568,15 +568,6 @@ itemiz(With global aliasing, any command separator, any redirection
operator, and `tt(LPAR())' or `tt(RPAR())' when not part of a glob pattern)
-It is not presently possible to alias the `tt(LPAR()LPAR())' token that
-introduces arithmetic expressions, because until a full statement has been
-parsed, it cannot be distinguished from two consecutive `tt(LPAR())'
-tokens introducing nested subshells.
-When tt(POSIX_ALIASES) is set, only plain unquoted strings are eligible
-for aliasing. The tt(alias) builtin does not reject ineligible aliases,
-but they are not expanded.
Alias expansion is done on the shell input before any other expansion
except history expansion. Therefore, if an alias is defined for the
word tt(foo), alias expansion may be avoided by quoting part of the
@@ -586,11 +577,36 @@ tt(\foo) as well. Also, if a separator such as tt(&&) is aliased,
tt(\&&) turns into the two tokens tt(\&) and tt(&), each of which may
have been aliased separately. Similarly for tt(\<<), tt(\>|), etc.
+When tt(POSIX_ALIASES) is set, only plain unquoted strings are eligible
+for aliasing. The tt(alias) builtin does not reject ineligible aliases,
+but they are not expanded.
For use with completion, which would remove an initial backslash followed
by a character that isn't special, it may be more convenient to quote the
word by starting with a single quote, i.e. tt('foo); completion will
automatically add the trailing single quote.
+Although aliases can be used in ways that bend normal shell sytnax, not
+every string of non-white-space characters can be used as an alias.
+Any set of characters not listed as a word above is not a word, hence no
+attempt is made to expand it as an alias, no matter how it is defined
+(i.e. via the builtin or the special parameter tt(aliases) described in
+ifnzman(noderef(The zsh/parameter Module))\
+ifzman(the section THE ZSH/PARAMETER MODULE in zmanref(zshmodules))).
+For example, an expression containing an tt(=) at the start of
+a command line is always an assignment and cannot be expanded as an alias.
+However, as noted in the case of tt(POSIX_ALIASES) above, the shell does
+not attempt to deduce whether the string corresponds to a word at the
+time the alias is created.
+It is not presently possible to alias the `tt(LPAR()LPAR())' token that
+introduces arithmetic expressions, because until a full statement has been
+parsed, it cannot be distinguished from two consecutive `tt(LPAR())'
+tokens introducing nested subshells.
There is a commonly encountered problem with aliases
illustrated by the following code:
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