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Shell io from and to serial device

Hi Folks,

I'm really stuck with this problem.  We need a fast, and reliable
way to send a string to a serial device and grep for a certain
reply, and failed to make that work with "expect" - because its
documentation is awful.  Anyway, it should be not too difficult to
do with zsh.  The task is:

  1. configure serial line, e.g. with

    $ stty -F /dev/ttyUSB0 speed 115200 cs8 -cstopb -parenb -echo

  2. Send some string to the serial line

    $ echo foo > /dev/ttyUSB0

  3. Grep for a certain reply with configurable, sub second timeout.

    $ ??????

  4. In case of a timeout, all input from the serial line is stored
     in a file or shell variable.

There should be no noticeable delay if the expected reply shows
up immediately.

Something like this should do it:

-- snip --

set -u
set -C

shift 5

trap "exit 1" TERM

# serial setup
stty -F "$DEV" speed 115200 cs8 -cstopb -parenb -echo > /dev/null
# watchdog process
{ sleep "$TIMEOUT"; echo "timeout" 1>&2; kill 0 2> /dev/null; } &
# child sends string with delay
{ sleep 0.01; echo "$SEND" > "$DEV" } &
rm -f "$LOGFILE"
# parent waits for reply
tee "$LOGFILE" < "$DEV" |
while read LINE; do
	if { cat <<EOF
} | grep -q "$EXPECT"
		trap : TERM
		kill 0 2> /dev/null
		exit 0
exit 1
-- snip --

But this looks really complicated and the "sleep 0.01" is
annoying.  There must be an easier way.

Also, I'm not convinced that "tee" won't buffer serial input and
cause a timeout, although on the test machine it doesn't.


Dominik ^_^  ^_^


Dominik Vogt

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