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Re: PATCH: Misc. zpty tweaks, plus commentary

Bart Schaefer wrote:

> ...
> The problem is that whenever zsh forks a builtin, it closes all descriptors
> numbered higher than 10, which includes the master pty descriptor.  So if
> you try to use `zpty -r' or `zpty -w' in a pipeline, or try to put them in
> the background, they'll get "invalid file descriptor" when attempting to
> access the pty.  I've played with "hiding" the master fd by zeroing its slot
> in fdtable[], and that does make zpty work correctly, but it also means that
> the master descriptor is still open when running other builtins, which is
> not quite so desirable.

I don't see any simple solution either. Maybe this is yet another
reason for a more sophisticated file-descriptior/blocking/waiting
handling in the core. Not only that modules should be able to register 
file-descriptors that should be monitored whenever the shell is
waiting, they should also be able to register handler functions (for
reading, writing, exceptions, closing, etc.).

[ in another message: ]

> On Nov 4, 11:29pm, I wrote:
> }
> } `zpty -w' already was able to stream into the pty (even though that's
> } not documented); e.g. `zpty -w foo < file' writes the entire contents
> } of the file to the pty [...] Now `zpty -r foo' can stream the output
> } as well.  Unfortunately, it's still not possible to do both at once.
> }
> } The problem is that whenever zsh forks a builtin, it closes all
> } descriptors numbered higher than 10, which includes the master pty
> } descriptor.
> Although a C-code-level fix would be preferable, a workaround has just
> occurred to me:  Using a subshell will prevent the descriptors from
> being closed.  So with 13116 applied, you should be able to do:
>     zpty -b foo cat
>     yes blah | (zpty -w foo) &
>     (zpty -r foo) | less
>     zpty -d foo
> This reveals that still another remaining problem is that `zpty -w' on a
> blocking pty doesn't stop when the process on the pty is killed.  There
> doesn't seem to be any simple fix for this; write() itself is blocked,
> and does not get interrupted with SIGPIPE as would normally occur.

Hm, yes. There might be a solution using the fact that we have a
subshell that we could make ignore SIGHUP (and write something to the
pty or whatever). But I currently can't see how this really helps.

[ and in yet another message: ]

> ...
> I haven't done anything about it, but this code clearly expects that
> no '\0' bytes will ever be sent to or received from the pty.  That's
> obviously a fallacy; we shouldn't be treating this data as C strings.

Yes and no. For reading, this already worked (the call to metafy()). But
somehow I forgot to do the same for `zpty -w'. The patch fixes this.

> It would appear from the documentation that, with a blocking pty,
> `zpty -r' must always return either 0 or 2.  Is this really the case?
> (On my RH5.2 linux system, select() always returns 1 after the pty's
> command has exited, so read_poll() also returns 1 and cmd->fin never
> gets set.  read(), however, gets an I/O error (errno == 5), so `zpty -r'
> returns 1 and it's not possible to detect that the command has finished.

Rats. The same here. Why didn't I notice that?

Another reason for not using read_poll(), does anyone see a way to
allow us to find out if a command has exited and still be able to read 
the rest of its output?


Index: Src/Modules/zpty.c
RCS file: /cvsroot/zsh/zsh/Src/Modules/zpty.c,v
retrieving revision 1.18
diff -u -r1.18 zpty.c
--- Src/Modules/zpty.c	2000/11/11 19:50:29	1.18
+++ Src/Modules/zpty.c	2000/11/13 10:05:24
@@ -562,13 +562,15 @@
 ptywrite(Ptycmd cmd, char **args, int nonl)
     if (*args) {
-	char sp = ' ';
+	char sp = ' ', *tmp;
+	int len;
-	while (*args)
-	    if (ptywritestr(cmd, *args, strlen(*args)) ||
+	while (*args) {
+	    unmetafy((tmp = dupstring(*args)), &len);
+	    if (ptywritestr(cmd, tmp, len) ||
 		(*++args && ptywritestr(cmd, &sp, 1)))
 		return 1;
+	}
 	if (!nonl) {
 	    sp = '\n';
 	    if (ptywritestr(cmd, &sp, 1))

Sven Wischnowsky                         wischnow@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

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