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Re: crash/hang with gcc 5+ -O2 and --enable-zsh-mem

On Sat, Feb 24, 2018 at 08:01:28PM +0100, Mikael Magnusson wrote:
> I figured out this was because of -foptimize-strlen which somehow
> causes calloc() to recurse infinitely and crash (with -O2 which also
> enables -foptimize-sibling-calls it just hangs with no crash because
> it doesn't consume extra stack, i presume). What I don't know is how
> to fix it, or the causal relationship between strlen optimization and
> calloc recursing infinitely. I've tried gcc 5.4, 6.2 and 6.4 with the
> same result. Compiling only Src/mem.c with the problematic flag is
> enough so it's something in there, but removing the one strlen() call
> in the file has no effect.

I am also seeing the same behavior, and to be completely honest I have no
idea how strlen() is related either. Some testing in gdb did show that you
were right; the problem is a loop caused by a repeated jump back to
line 1719, which definitely lines up with the `-foptimize-sibling-calls`

The only fix I could find which didn't requiring substantial
reimplementation of the memory management functions was to replace
the malloc() call in calloc() with realloc() instead. With a NULL `p`
argument realloc() behaves exactly the same as malloc() does, and
(at least on my system) gcc doesn't seem to consider realloc() a
candidate for sibling call optimizations; give this patch a try
and _hopefully_ this is a viable solution.

Signed-off-by: Joey Pabalinas <joeypabalinas@xxxxxxxxx>

 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Src/mem.c b/Src/mem.c
index 840bbb6e4a4eb6fd73..8b0dafed6fdae35a61 100644
--- a/Src/mem.c
+++ b/Src/mem.c
@@ -1714,12 +1714,18 @@ MALLOC_RET_T
 calloc(MALLOC_ARG_T n, MALLOC_ARG_T size)
     long l;
-    char *r;
+    char *r = NULL;
     if (!(l = n * size))
 	return (MALLOC_RET_T) m_high;
-    r = malloc(l);
+    /*
+     * use realloc() (with a NULL `p` argument it behaves exactly the same
+     * as malloc() does) to prevent an infinite loop caused by sibling-call
+     * optimizations (the malloc() call would otherwise be replaced by an
+     * unconditional branch back to line 1719 ad infinitum).
+     */
+    r = realloc(r, l);
     memset(r, 0, l);

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