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PATCH: a couple of expansion notes

This is supposed to document a couple of issues which turned up

Index: Doc/Zsh/expn.yo
RCS file: /cvsroot/zsh/zsh/Doc/Zsh/expn.yo,v
retrieving revision 1.67
diff -u -r1.67 expn.yo
--- Doc/Zsh/expn.yo	28 Jun 2006 14:34:27 -0000	1.67
+++ Doc/Zsh/expn.yo	12 Sep 2006 15:16:20 -0000
@@ -608,6 +608,14 @@
 pattern anywhere that is possible, such as in filename expansion and
 filename generation and pattern-matching contexts like the right
 hand side of the `tt(=)' and `tt(!=)' operators in conditions.
+In nested substitutions, note that the effect of the tt(~) applies to the
+result of the current level of substitution.  A surrounding pattern
+operation on the result may cancel it.  Hence, for example, if the
+parameter tt(foo) is set to tt(*), tt(${~foo//\*/*.c}) is substituted by
+the pattern tt(*.c), which may be expanded by filename generation, but
+tt(${${~foo}//\*/*.c}) substitutes to the string tt(*.c), which will not
+be further expanded.
@@ -950,6 +958,16 @@
 Note that, unless the `tt((P))' flag is present, the flags and any subscripts
 apply directly to the value of the nested substitution; for example, the
 expansion tt(${${foo}}) behaves exactly the same as tt(${foo}).
+At each nested level of substitution, the substituted words undergo all
+forms of single-word substitution (i.e. not filename generation), including
+command substitution, arithmetic expansion and filename expansion
+(i.e. leading tt(~) and tt(=)).  Thus, for example, tt(${${:-=cat}:h})
+expands to the directory where the tt(cat) program resides.  (Explanation:
+the internal substitution has no parameter but a default value tt(=cat),
+which is expanded by filename expansion to a full path; the outer
+substitution then applies the modifier tt(:h) and takes the directory part
+of the path.)
 item(tt(2.) em(Parameter Subscripting))(
 If the value is a raw parameter reference with a subscript, such as

Peter Stephenson <pws@xxxxxxx>                  Software Engineer
CSR PLC, Churchill House, Cambridge Business Park, Cowley Road
Cambridge, CB4 0WZ, UK                          Tel: +44 (0)1223 692070

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