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Re: Zsh Guide chapter 5 (substitutions)

In this example:

   % fn() { print "Twice ${1:-0} is $(( 2 * ${1:-0} ))"; }
   % fn
   Twice 0 is 0

It'd be even more exemplary to write:

     fn() { print "Twice ${1:=0} is $(( 2 * $1 ))"; }

Moving on:

 the `^' character turns on the option just for that expansion, as `='
 does with SH_WORD_SPLIT (can't think of a good mnemonic, sorry).

Think of proofreaders' marks, where a carat means to insert a new word in
between two other words.

 In addition to `*' and `?', which are so basic that even DOS had them
 (though I never quite worked out exactly what it was doing with them a
 lot of the time)

I'm going to guess that you really don't want to know.

 ... anywhere where history substitution doesn't get it's hands
 on the `!' first.                                   ^^^^

Apostrophe abuse!

 Note one point mentioned in the FAQ --- probably indicating the reason
 that `^' is only available with EXTENDED_GLOB switched on.  Some
 commands use an initial `^' to indicate a control character

In fact, there's another reason:  Some keyboards used not to have a `|'
character, so many older versions of the Bourne shell interpret `^' as
`|', that is, `echo foo^grep f' would run grep and output `foo'.

 Slightly less obviously, the `**/*' matches files in the current
 directory, while the `*/CVS' never matches a `CVS' in the current
 directory, so that could appear. If you want to, you can fix that up
 like this:

    print **/*~(*/|)CVS(/*|)(/)

Easier is

    print ./**/*~*/CVS(/)

but I suppose that doesn't show that slashes can appear in parens on
the right side of the tilde.

 A `~' at the beginning is never treated as excluding what follows; as
 you already know, it has other uses.

Might be worth pointing out here or elsewhere that (#i)~/foo does NOT
mean ~(#i)/foo, but rather means (#i)(|)~/foo, that is, the presence of
(#i) means that `~' is no longer at the start of the pattern.  Or maybe
that's a bug?

In the table of ksh glob equivalences quoted from the FAQ, you've included
the footnote reference [1] but not the footnote itself.

 ... since no-one would right two *'s in a row for any other reason.

They might, however, write two wrongs.

There are a couple of minor typos in the first few paragraphs about glob
qualifiers: "usual" for "usually" and "t((%b))" for "((%b))".  Also,
"whackier" -- on this side of the pond we spell it without the "h", but
maybe this is a "colour programme" sort of thing.

Gotta stop now, back later for sections 5.9.7 and later.

Bart Schaefer                                 Brass Lantern Enterprises
http://www.well.com/user/barts              http://www.brasslantern.com

Zsh: http://www.zsh.org | PHPerl Project: http://phperl.sourceforge.net   

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