Zsh Mailing List Archive
Messages sorted by: Reverse Date, Date, Thread, Author

Re: aliases not getting expanded inside functions?

On Jan 11,  1:19am, Carlos Carvalho wrote:
> Sorry I couldn't follow up earlier :-( Anyway the below told me how to
> pass parameters by name to a function so that it changes the values.
> Good!

That isn't the only way to do that, and not even the most readable in my
opinion.  For scalars, each of the following has the same effects:

	: ${(P)1::=$2}
	eval $1='$2'
	typeset -g $1=$2

For arrays:

	eval $1='( $3 $2 )'
	set -A $1 $3 $2

The array form ${(P)=1::=$3 $2} is almost but not quite the same, because
field splitting is applied *after* expanding $3 and $2 in that case, even
if they're quoted, so you can't preserve embedded whitespace.

> Bart Schaefer (schaefer@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) wrote on 6 January 2003 12:54:
>  >Nearly as often, the right thing is instead to ask the list how to solve
>  >problem X, because there's a better solution than Y.
> Agreed, so here's the story, with two questions. I read a csv file
> that comes from a spreadsheet and need to split the fields to
> different variables. Instead of doing the full parsing of the data
> line by hand, it's easier to have zsh do the split:
> fields=( ${(s:;:)dataline} )

How did you get the data into $dataline in the first place?

Rather than:

    while read dataline
      fields=( "${(@s:;:)dataline}" )	# Answers your other question
      rate=$fields[1] capital=$fields[2] etc.
      # manipulate $rate $capital and so on ...

You can simply do:

    while IFS=';' read rate capital etc.
      # manipulate $rate $capital and so on ...

> rate_prev=$rate capital_prev=$capital etc.
> Instead of copying manually I'd like to do
> rate_prev=$fields_prev[1] capital_prev=$fields_prev[2] etc.
> only once, and then just do fields_prev=( $fields ) whenever I have to
> copy the values.

A much better way to do this is to use two associative arrays:

    typeset -A fields fields_prev
    while IFS=';' noglob read fields[rate] fields[capital] etc.
      fields_prev=( ${(kv)fields} )	# Save all keys and values
      # manipulate $fields[rate] $fields[capital] and so on ...

The "noglob" above is to avoid having to quote all the square brackets
in the "read" command (otherwise they'd be treated as file patterns).

> I mentioned some variant of a loop like
> for ((i=1; i<= num_fields; i++)) {
>     : ${(P)${fields_prev[i]}::=${(P)${fields[i]}}}
> }
> However this doesn't work because I cannot assign to the individual
> variables (ex. capital=$((capital+interest)) ) without losing the
> connection with the fields array.

If you're unwilling to use $fields[capital] everywhere -- that is, if
you insist on being able to write $capital in some cases -- then there
is no solution I can suggest.  However, if it's OK to write e.g.


or, more succinctly,

    (( fields[capital] += fields[interest] ))

then there is no connection to worry about being lost.

Bart Schaefer                                 Brass Lantern Enterprises
http://www.well.com/user/barts              http://www.brasslantern.com

Zsh: http://www.zsh.org | PHPerl Project: http://phperl.sourceforge.net   

Messages sorted by: Reverse Date, Date, Thread, Author